With the death of Narmer, the succession of the almost united Egypt passed to Hor-aha, who in Emery’s opinion was the first king of the first dynasty, and may perhaps be identified with Menes of the classical historians.

In that case, he would be the founder of the Thinite Period (the 1st dynasty).If he was the same person as Narmer, then he was the inaugurator of the cult of the crocodile god Sobek in the Fayoum region as well as the founder of Memphis (some 20 miles south of the apex of the Delta near the natural frontier between the north and the south). They chose this place to be the capital Memphis because,

01. It is a very strategic position to control both Upper and Lower Egypt.

02. Memphis was the top of Upper Egypt and belonged to Lower Egypt as he controlled the southern, and settled in Lower Egypt ready to attack the northern in any time.

This was the place of the capitals of Egypt through the different ages. The new capital, later known as [Mn-nfr] and then Memphis then Manf was called ‘The White Wall’ which is the wall surrounding the country and from this strategic point Hor-Aha ruled the newly untied Egypt. Here is his new capital. He built a great temple dedicated to the god Ptah, who remained the patron deity of the city throughout its long history.

Here also on the desert edge behind the city, he set up his northern tomb, the first of a long series of funerary monuments which were to be built by his successors.

He would probably have established both his administration and the cult of Apis-bull at Memphis.

It is likely that he also organized the newly unified land by stating a policy of conciliation with the north, which is deducted from the fact that the name of his wife Neith-hotep was formed from the name of the goddess Neith, originally worshipped at Sais in the Delta. The tomb of Neith-hotep, excavated at Naqqada, was provided with large amount of equipment including a tablet bearing the name of Aha.

It seems that Aha founded a temple of Neith at Sais and celebrated the festivals of Anubis and Sokar as well as his own royal jubilee or sed festival.

The reign of Aha was a peaceful one except for a series of wars against the Nubians (he defeated the Nubians and established his rule as far up river as the first cataract) he also defeated the Libyans. He also established trading relations with Syria and Palestine. These military and economic initiatives were carried on by his successors.

The reign of Aha which must have ended in about 3100 BC, was thus reasonably well-documented on the whole.

He had two tombs, one at Sakkara and the other at Abydos.

His name Hor-Aha means the fighter. On his objects – monuments – some indications were mentioned about his wars against the Libyans and the Nubians. Also we know of some religious ceremonies, some were of the ceremony of his coronation.