Category: Travel Articles

Do you know El-Mouiz Street?!

In 969 AD, the Fatimids built a new capital for Egypt and the new city became Egypt’s capital ever since. In 988 AD, El Azhar was erected and gained through ages, importance and effectiveness. Walls and gates that witnessed many important events throughout history surrounded Cairo then.

El Fustat, first capital built by the Arabs after Amr Ibn Elass conquest in 642, lie north Cairo, and his mosque still standing in the area is a living evidence of that period when a new history had started for Egypt. New capitals followed El Askar 751AD northeast the previous city and El Katae 870 AD where Ibn Touloun built his famous mosque still lying intact in the area over mount Yaskor.

Gawhar El Sequelly built Cairo and surrounded the city with mudbrick walls starting from Bab El Khalk square to the south to join Mokattam hills through Bab Zweila and Bawabet El Metwalli. The western side of the wall starts from Bab El Shaereya Square to Bab El Fettouh and Bab El Nasr. The city was meant to be a residential quarter for El Moez Le Din Allah, the Fatimid Caliph who moved with his family from El Maghreb to Egypt.

Cairo developed, grew and connected with the three previous capitals thus gaining a cultural importance specially after the construction of El Azhar that served not only religious purposes but included social and political domains. Historical Cairo is a long path that started with the Fatimid and through Salah El Din, The Mamelouks and the Ottoman without neglecting Mohamed Ali with his great achievements, reached her modern appearance.

Souk, wekala, hamam, khan, hotel, palace, mosque, khankah, college, citadel and fort are flourishing historical Cairo. El Moez Le Din Allah Street is an eloquent witness for historical Cairo with the various monuments spread along both sides of the street.

Abu Simbel In Brief

Abu Simbel lies south of Aswan on the western bank of the Nile, 180 miles south of the First Cataract in what was Nubia. The site was known as Meha in ancient times and was first documented in the 18th Dynasty, when Ay and Horemheb had rock-cut chapels hewn in the hills to the south.

The first, and largest of the temples, is dedicated to the sun god Rahorakhty, while the second, which is smaller, and a few meters to the north, was dedicated by Ramses II to his beautiful wife, Nefertari, to be worshipped together with other deities.

The Abu Simbel temple of king Ramesses II was cut out of the rock mountain at the area of Abu Simbel and designed to overlook the Nile. This temple has been later moved to another higher location due to the increase in the height of the Nile River which led to the flooding of the temple.

The façade of the temple is about 119 ft in the width and 100 ft in height. It is decorated by four 65 ft colossal statues of the king around the entrance. Between their legs are cut little statues of his family. The top of the façade is decorated by a cavetto cornice bearing cartouches of the king. Above the cavetto cornice there is a row of Baboons statues adoring the sun. Between the Baboons and the cavetto cornice there is a line of inscriptions giving the names and titles of the king. Under the cavetto cornice there is another line of inscriptions giving the names and titles of the king.

The entrance to the temple is cut in the middle of the façade between the four statues. Above the entrance there is a deep recess decorated by a representation of god Rahorakhty. On his right there is an usr scepter and on the left is the mact feather. All is read as usr mact ra which is part of nswbity name of the king which means (stability is the justice of Ra). On either side of the recess there is a scene of the king raising his hands in addition of the statue of Rahorakhty.

The entrance leads to the first hypostyle hall which is 58 ft long by 54 ft. inside the hall there are eight Osirid sculptures measuring about 30 ft in height and lined-up four by four against eight squared pillars in the hypostyle hall. The four statues on the north represent the king wearing the double crown and those on the south show him wearing the white crown.

The scenes of this hall mainly represent scenes of the battle of Kadesh and traditional offerings scenes of the king making offerings in front of different gods to gain their blessings.

There are eight side chambers surrounding the hypostyle hall for keeping and storing the offerings and temple equipment. This is confirmed by scenes on their walls.

Deeper into the rock is the second hypostyle hall which contains four pillars two on either side. The scenes here mainly represent the king and his wife Nfertary adoring different deities.

At the western end of this hall there are three doors leading to the vestibule which in turn leads to the sanctuary of the temple in the center and to two small undecorated side rooms on the sides.

Inside the sanctuary cut in the rock are four statues representing Ptah, Amun, Ramesses II defied and Rahorakhty. In the middle of the room there is the remains of a pedestal which was probably for placing the sacred bark.

The temple was designed for the sun only to shine inside the temple twice a year. Once during Ramesses II’s birthday (21 Oct) and coronation day (21 Feb). Threatened by flooding from the Nile, the entire temple was moved piece by piece and re-assembled at different location.

Everything was re-created including the mountain that engulfed it. The best engineers in the world couldn’t duplicate what Ramesses II’s engineers succeeded in doing as they missed by one day. Now the sun shines inside the temple one day before king’s coronation day and one day before his birthday.

Travel Guide to Egypt

Between the past and the present, Between the history & the monuments, we can discover the Egyptian civilization, which appeared from more than 7000 years and still. From the Pyramids to the temples and the tombs, between the mosques and the churches we can feel the Egyptian soul.

Egypt, or land of the pharaohs as I like to name it, is one of the wonderful countries in the middle east and the world, if you look at the world map, you will find our country in the heart of the world, so it has very important strategic position and from this position it was the leader of the whole world for many times around the world’s long history.

When we are talking about Egypt, we will need to talk about Cairo, the capital of Egypt which was built by the Arabian hands and now it is one of the biggest cities in the middle East and the all over the world. In Cairo you can enjoy your day by visiting the Pharaonic monuments like Pyramids of Giza, the area of Sakkara or Memphis, while if you decided to enjoy you night, you will find yourself on Cairo cruise or as I meant, you will find yourself on board a Nile cruise ship while sailing in the great river Nile of Cairo.

Let us leave Cairo and drive toward Luxor & Aswan, where you can enjoy your trip with Nile cruise trip to visit the monuments of the south, and here in GAT Tours we can provide you with cheap cruise package in a high quality of service.

Getting back to Cairo and make your next destination is the north of Egypt to relax and calm down in one of the most wonderful cities in Egypt, Hurghada, the cheapest and the best city on the red sea. Choose your suitable package and called it Hurghada Holidays, where you will do a wonderful trip and find all methods of relaxation at Hurghada hotels.

From Hurghada to Sharm El Sheikh, the city which has great fame between the touristic field in Egypt, and most of the Egyptian people called it as the 2nd capital of Egypt. Choose one of Sharm El Sheikh Holidays to be your vacation program while you are in Sharm El Sheikh, and don’t forget to buy it via GAT Tours.

Leave Sharm El Sheikh and the red sea to fly toward Alexandria, the city which was built by king Alexander the great and was the magic of the Mediterranean sea during the Ptolemaic period. In Alexandria you will visit some of the unique monuments which date back to the Greco-Roman period in Egypt and spend few days on the beach to enjoy the Egyptian nature.

Proceed to Mersa Matrouh and El Alamain, where you will discover the WWII Cemeteries (Italian & German) and visit the area where the battle was.

Travel to Egypt with GAT Tours Egypt, to find cheap Egypt Tours, with suitable prices and high quality of service too. So if you need to spend wonderful & cheap Egypt vacations, contact us anytime to find what you are aim to.

Tour Egypt

Egypt, land of monuments or the gift of the Nile as Herodotus said, is one of the most wonderful countries in the Middle East. It’s located to the North-East corner of the black continent Africa and this geographic position make Egypt in the heart of the world.

During the Pharaonic period Egypt was called Kmt which means the black land. This name came from the mud color of the farmland of Egypt as the ancient Egyptian used to call the thing with its color or something similar to it, so they used to call Egypt as the black land.

Egypt’s location, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea from its northern tip and the Red Sea from its eastern side, with the River Nile splitting it down the middle, gives Egypt a striking and strategic position. You can say it is in the center of the world and is the cradle of civilization. This location ensures Egypt’s wide selection and variety of beaches, resorts and cities by the river, making your holiday in Egypt an unforgettable one.

For its historical & location importance many tourists around the world like touring in Egypt, not only to discover its great history but also to find the enjoyable place, where that will be more comfortable and excited. So we are here in GAT Tours, our main goal is to make our clients very satisfied and comfortable during their tour in our beloved country Egypt.

If you are admired with the ancient history, if you want to know more about a civilization lasted for more than 5,000 years., you can make Egypt your next destination. In Egypt you can explore the past with a modern touch by visiting the Pharaonic monuments whether in Cairo, the capital or drive toward the south to find Luxor and Aswan. But if you like to spend a nice time on the beach to calm down and see one of the wonderful nature, you can visit Hurghada or Sharm El Sheikh, where you will find the magic of the Egyptian nature. You can stay on the beach or do some sea sports like swimming, ride banana boat, diving, etc ..

When your eyes lies a word like Tour Egypt, you will imagine a wonderful Nile cruise trip in the immortal river Nile, which was the main source of the ancient Egyptian civilization and now it is one of the very enjoyable way to spend a nice tours in Egypt in general, and between Luxor and Aswan in a specific way.

GAT Tours Egypt, can provide you with an enjoyable Egypt tours package for your next visit to our wonderful country Egypt, the sunny land with the best price and the best service that you will ever seen.

Focus on Khan El Khalili

Khan El-Khalili is one of the most interesting bazaars, not only in Egypt, but also in the whole Middle East.

It was named after Prince Jaharkas Al-Khalili, who was one of the powerful Mamluke Princes in the 14th century. It is famous for its unusual, typically oriental souvenirs, and handmade crafts. The Medieval atmospheres of this traditional market, together with the labyrinth layout of the streets, gives visitors o lot of pleasure and a glimpse into what medieval markets once were like.

Cafes, restaurants, shops, and large number of vendors and buyers constitute a dynamic panorama of the place. Drinking Hibiscus, Karakare, Helba, or any of the various typical Egyptian beverages, is a pleasant experience for visitors and guests to get a real taste experience. For smokers, there is the Shisha, or water pipe, to be tried.

Each visitor can take the opportunity to safely enjoy the walk through the narrow streets of Khan El-Khalili. We strongly recommend visiting this vivid bazaar, but keep in mind that in open traditional markets, the prices are not fixed; remember to bargain (haggle) to get the best price. The Khan El-Khalili Bazaar is place where art and commerce come together to give a unique and remarkable, harmonious experience.

Egypt Travel


Egypt has been known as the cradle of civilization for centuries and also a cradle for inspiration; the source of many people’s discoveries and experiences.

Its Geography: Egypt is built around the Nile Valley, a very fertile land bordering the river and bounded by 2 seas: the Mediterranean Sea (to the north) and the Red Sea (to the east). The thin area on either side of the Nile was historically where 90% of the population settled.

Population: With 72,000,000 inhabitants, Egypt represents one quarter of the population of the Arab world. The city of Cairo itself counts about 16,000,000 people.

The Egyptian population is composed of people from various origins. Most Egyptians originate from Ancient Egypt and the Nile Valley. Others come from the Arabic and Levantine descents and the Nubians of Upper Egypt.

Language: Arabic is the official language spoken by all Egyptians. When Arabic is spoken in the streets, it’s like a dialect and differs a great deal from classical Arabic.
Although English is very widespread, people will appreciate you taking time to learn a few words and phrases. In holiday resorts like Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada, many other European languages are spoken such as French, German, Italian and Russian.

Egypt Travel may be a vacation of a lifetime; something that one has always wished to do but unable to afford.

GAT Tours brings you truly pleasureful Egypt travel deals by which you and your family can explore the hidden natural beauty of Egypt.

GAT Tours offers a wide range of small group holidays, private tours in Egypt and special tailor-made itineraries. You can choose from a wide selection of tours including family adventures, cultural holidays, desert safaris, Nile cruises Egypt, scuba diving courses and much more. If you can’t find a tour that suits you we’ll be happy to create an itinerary just for you.